Monday, January 27, 2014

Counting Heads: the US Army in 1814

Recently I found an undated document in the James Madison Papers, hosted online by the Library of Congress. Compiled sometime in 1814, it is a big list of the combined strength of the US Regular Army in that year. From the presence of some 12-month Infantry Regiments on the list, combined with the absence of any of the Ohio 12-months Regiments, I would guess that it was made up sometime in Spring or Summer 1814.
A Report of the Army- its Strength & Distribution.


Military District No. 1 Effectives Aggregate Stations.
40th Regt Infy. 352 379 Boston, Portsmouth, Portland & East Port
Artillerists 263 276
Total 615 655




District No. 2


Artillerists 127 149 London
37th Regt Infy. 490 565
Total 617 714




District No. 3


Artillerists 278 370 New York
32nd Regt. Infy. 535 602
41st Do 628 692
42nd Do 331 374
Sea Fencibles 77 78
Total 1849 2116




District No. 4


Artillerists 108 108 Fort Mifflin (Philidelphia)
Dragoons 200 200 Recruiting Rendezvous
Total 308 308




District No. 5


Artillerists 210 224 Norfolk
20th Regt. Infy. 873 912
35th Do. 1st Battalion Baltimore
Artillerists 65 111
38th Regt. Inf. 2nd Battalion 300 316
Sea Fencibles 157 173
Artillerists 40 40 Annapolis
Do. 79 82 Fort Washington
36th Regt. Of Infy. 320 350 St. Marys
Total 2154 2208




District No. 6


Dragoons 135 141 No. and So. Carolina & Georgia
Artillerists 413 430
8th Regt Infy. 688 728
18th Regt Infy. 443 482
43rd do. 261 269
1st Rifle Regt. 1 compy 87 92
Sea Fencibles 100 102
Total 2127 2244




District No. 7


Artillerists 337 351 New Orleans and Mobile and the Creek Nation
2d. Reg. Infy. 408 422
3d. Do. 400 420
7th Do. 670 694
39th Do. 370 394
44th Do. 89 97
Total 2276 2378




District No. 8


Artillerists 142 179 Detroit, Sandwich, Sandusky, &c.
17th Infy. 1596 1762
19th Do.
24th Do.
28th Do.
Rangers 317 423
Do. 71 108
Total 2121 2472




District No. 9


Light Artillery 458 610 1st or Division of the Right
Dragoons 97 102
Artillerists 181 195
4th Regt Infy. 655 751
5th Do. 275 407
6th Do. 250 518
10th Do. 254 324
12th Do. 482 752
13th Do. 194 381
14th Do. 137 262
15th Do. 317 549
16th Do. 299 434
29th Do. 374 515 (Years men re-enlisting.)
30th Do. 274 354
31st do. 90 99
33rd Do. 165 236
34th Do. 183 240
1 Rifle Regt. 2nd Battalion 223 276 (pencilled: 1086 effectives 1444 aggregate)
Subtotal 4908 7108
The recruits of the above regts the 48th infy. 3 co Dragoons & 264 Artillerists under orders to join this Division will amount to... 4687 4687
Total 9595 11795